Monday, 6 November 2017

SURGICAL STRIKES - INDIA'S NEO SURGEONS

 MEET THE SURGEONS 

India's neo surgeons rottenmangoman blog
Collective Reform, Body Dysmorphic Disorder or Munchausen Syndrome? India seems thirsty for surgeries


The last couple of years, “surgical penance” seems to be the buzzword which has captured the psyche of India. The term I have coined vaguely refers to welcoming a sudden, unexpected, shocking, swift brutal action, which may have severe, even painful repercussions, but which needs to be done so as “correct” the “malaise”, while brazening out the harsh side effects.
I have tried to compile a list of a few of such “surgeries” so that the reader may get an idea of the numerous such operations India has undergone.


Date        : June 10th 2015
Surgeon :
Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of External Affairs and Ministry of Defence
Reason:
On 4 June 2015, the Indian Army convoy of the 6th Dogra Regiment was ambushed by the insurgent group National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) faction, in Chandel district of Manipur. 18 soldiers of Indian Army were martyred. The Government wanted to drive home the message that there was a new sheriff in town.
Surgery:
As per reports  [2] 70 Commandos from the 21 Para of the Indian Army carried out the attack from DhruvHelicopters.Mi-17 Helicopters from the Indian Army were on standby. They are said to have inflicted heavy casualties.
Controversy:
Myanmar denied  [3] that the militants were killed inside it’s territory and the Indian Army preferred to call it “Hot Pursuit” instead of cross border surgical strike [4]


2]  SURGICAL STRIKE ON PAKISTAN  CONTROLLED KASHMIR [5]
Date      : 29th September 2016
Surgeon :
Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of Defence
Reason :
On 18th September 2016, 4 heavily armed terrorists had attacked an Indian Army  [6] Brigade Headquarters in Uri, near the line of control martyring approximately 17 Indian soldiers. The Indian Government wanted to convey a “message” to the terrorists based in Pakistan [7] India blamed terrorist group Jaish-e-Muhammad  [8] for the attacks.
Surgery :
According to Indian media  [9], Indian forces provided cover fire across the LOC  [10] (Line of Control)  for three to four teams of 70–80 commandos from the 4th and 9th battalions of the Parachute Regiment  [11] (part of Para (Special Forces) [12] to cross the LoC at several separate points, travelled 1–3 km on foot, destroyed terrorist bases with hand-held grenade and 84 mm rocket launchers before returning back. It claimed only one soldier was injured due to a land mine.
Controversy:
Pakistan downplayed the incident and denied the occurrence  [13] of any surgical strikes or cross border infiltration, but acknowledged some cross border firing by Indian forces and claimed to have captured  [14] one Indian soldier.
The United Nations mission monitoring the ceasefire said it  has not directly observed  [15] any firing along the Line of Control (LoC), which the Indian side snubbed.
Members of India’s opposition party the Indian National Congress, stated there was nothing new in the surgical strikes and demanded proof [16].

Date      : 8th November 2016
Surgeon :
Ministry of Finance
Reason :
This surgical strike was primarily to combat corruption, black money, fake currency and terrorism[18]Subsequently it was announced that it was also to promote digital transactions. It was estimated that approximately Rs. 2-3 lakh crore [19] [20] was being circulated as black money (undeclared or counterfeit) in India. To recover that amount the Government of India had launched the Income Declaration Scheme [21] 2016 from 1st June to 30thSeptember, but it yielded only approximately Rs. 30000 Crore [22] in taxes to the Government.
Surgery :
 On November 8th at 8:00 pm, the Prime Minister of India Mr. Narender Modi announced [23] that currency notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 denominations (86% of the currency in circulation) will not be legal tender from midnight of November 8th. New notes of Rs 500 and Rs 2,000 denominations would be made available soon.
The people were allowed to deposit the old notes at post offices and banks without any charge till December 30 and/or exchange them for new notes. Cashless fund transfers were unaffected.
Controversy :
The move received both praise and criticism.
The Supreme Court of India commented[24] “Discontinuing of higher denomination notes appears to be carpet bombing and not surgical strike,” while at the same time refusing to impose a stay on the decision of the Government.
While many people appreciated the step they were also inconvenienced greatly on account of the poor planning and implementation,[25]especially, since it was reported that almost 100 people died standing in lines to deposit the old notes or to withdraw cash.
Many critics also pointed out that demonetization had failed to achieve it’s objectives and hit the economy adversely[26]  since almost 99% of the money was deposited back [27]  in the banks suggesting the strong possibility that the move had instead legitimized black money instead of eliminating it. It was also alleged that many people knew about the planned demonetization, thereby obviating the objectives of this surgical strike to remove black money, by allowing people to siphon off their ill-gotten wealth.
Despite such criticism from various quarters, the people in general appeared to welcome and accept the hardships – if one goes by the fact the people voted overwhelmingly in favour of the Bhartiya Janata Party [28] during the State elections of Uttar Pradesh. 
Despite some cons, the innate sentiment remains that Demonetization was something which HAD to be done and that it's real benefits would emerge in the long term.


Date: 1st January to 15th January 2015
Surgeon:
Delhi Government
High Court of India
Reason:
New Delhi had the most polluted air [31] amongst several cities according to the World Health Organization, in 2014. Similarly, the Central Pollution Control Board of India stated that the city's air pollution had been in the “severe category” for several days in November 2015. The Delhi High Court asked the government to take action to curb air pollution [32] on 30 November 2015.
Private vehicles with odd registration numbers were allowed on the road on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
Vehicles with even numbers were allowed on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Emergency vehicles like PCR vans, fire tenders and ambulances and public transports such as CNG-driven buses, taxis and auto-rickshaws were exempted. Bikes and scooters were also allowed. The rules were applicable mainly on private cars in Delhi (provided they followed the standards of Euro VI 2017), and on those coming into Delhi from other states including vehicles of ministers and bureaucrats.
Female drivers driving alone were exempted.
The government provided increased facilities for Public Transport during the period.
Further until 11pm, trucks were not allowed in Delhi.
A fine of Rs. 2000/- was imposed on those breaking the rule.
Controversy:
The state Police initially expressed apprehensions in having sufficient bandwidth (resources and manpower) to be able to effectively implement the scheme.
Several citizens expressed concerns particularly parents who had to drop and pick up children from school.
Studies [34] [35] found that the actual effect of implementing the Odd Even scheme on improving air quality was not significant enough.


Date     : 11th November 2016 and 9TH October 2017
Surgeon:
Supreme Court of India
Reason:
In response to a petition  [37] filed by three toddlers (through their advocate fathers) the Supreme Court of India had banned fire crackers in Delhi and its surrounding National Capital Region in 2016. Subsequently, the Supreme Court stopped short of imposing a complete ban [38] on 12th September 2016, hearing the plea of Fire crackers associationSivakasi Tamil Nadu.
Surgery :
However, on 9th October 2017, it suspended the sale of firecrackers [39] in Delhi and NCR till November 1, 2017 .This was done to test whether this would have a “positive effect” on the well-being of citizens and steadily declining air quality.
Controversy :
The decision received widespread appreciation.
However, traders, particularly those in the fire-cracker industry were unhappy with the ban [40], particularly, since the ban was imposed to close to Diwali. The Aam Aadmi Party expressed apprehensions that the ban might lead to black marketing.
Various other parties like the BJP and Shiv Sena allegedly tried to give it a communal color prompting the Supreme Court to say that it was pained [41] to hear of such attempts.


5]  SURGICAL STRIKE ON OPPRESSION OF WOMEN – TRIPLE TALAQ [42]
Date     : 22nd August 2017
Surgeon:
Supreme Court of India (Triple Talaakh)
Reason:
Triple Talaq or instant divorce has been used by Muslims in India. This provision allows any Muslim man to legally divorce his wife by stating the word talaq
  three times in oral, written, or electronic form. Muslim women antagonized by this practice [43] filed a Public Interest Litigation before the Supreme Court which referred the case [44] to a five judge Constitution bench. The bench noted that the custom is banned in Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Surgery:
3 of the 5 judges in the panel agreed that triple talaq was unconstitutional[45] 2 judges declared the practice to be constitutional but at the same time they asked the government to ban the practice by passing a law.
Controversy:
The decision was generally welcomed by all. However members of the All India Muslim Personal Law board, [46]argued that Muslims had a lower divorce rate [47] as compared to other religions implying that the triple talaqprovision was not being misused in the community.


6]  SURGICAL STRIKE ON OPPRESSION OF WOMEN –RIGHT TO WORSHIP AT SHANI SHINGNAPUR TEMPLE
Date : 31st March 2016
Surgeon:
Mumbai High Court
As per a 400-year tradition, women were restricted from entering the inner sanctum of Shani Shingnapur temple. Previous attempts to enter the sanctum by Trupti Desai [49] and her Bhumata Brigade were blocked both by the Temple authorities and the Police. A petition was filed by activist Vidya Bal and senior advocate Neelima Vartakregarding this with the Mumbai High Court arguing that such prohibition was arbitrary, illegal and in violation of fundamental rights of citizens.
Surgery:
The Bombay High Court asked Maharashtra government [50] to guarantee that women were allowed entry to any temple.
Controversy:
While the orders have been complied with and welcomed by many, staunch believers were not very happy with the fact that woman would be allowed breaking a long standing tradition.





7]  SURGICAL STRIKE AGAINST TERRORISM AND MONEY LAUNDERING – AADHAAR CARD LINKAGE
Date       : Varies – Operation ongoing
Surgeon :
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
Ministry of Finance
Reason:
Aadhaar, [51] is a 12 digit unique identification number to be assigned to every “resident” Indian after verifying their biometric and demographic data. It is the world’s largest biometric ID system. On 11th March 2016, the Parliament passed the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, benefits and services) Act, 2016 [52] as a money bill. This was for the “ purpose of establishing identity of an individual as a condition for receipt of a subsidy, benefit or service for which the expenditure is incurred from, or the receipt therefrom forms part of, the Consolidated Fund of India”, basically to ensure that the various subsidies and benefits provided by the Government reach the person it is meant for. Such schemes include: LPG subsidy, Jan Dhan Yojana, Digital Locker, Voter Card Linking, Monthly Pension, Provident Fund, Opening New Bank Account,Digital Life and Securities and Exchange Board of India.
Surgery:
The Government has made it mandatory to link Aadhaar Number [53]with PAN (Personal Identification Number), Driving Licence, Passport, Mobile Number, Bank Account Number, Provident Fund and Pension schemes, so far.
Controversy:
While linking Aadhaar to various other services may be helpful in controlling leaks and fraud, there are concerns[54] ranging from Right to Privacy of an individual, to the fact that errors in implementing  [55] [56] the scheme may result in denial of rights of people to avail the benefits of various schemes.
Currently, most banks fail to be able to link aadhaar with bank account numbers online of with debit cards and the citizen has to visit the bank branch physically to link it. Even in the case of mobile phone operators, it takes a minimum of 2-3 hours to avail the opportunity to link the mobile phone number with Aadhaar. At most mobile centres, the citizens have to provide their fingerprint scans again and again.


8]  SURGICAL STRIKE AGAINST CORRUPTION IN CRICKET
Date       : 2nd January 2017
Surgeon :
Supreme Court of India
Reason:
In 2013 India’s top cricketers [57] SreesanthAjit Chandila and Ankeet Chavan were arrested by Delhi Police on charges of spot-fixing. They were at the time playing for Rajasthan Royals team of the Indian Premiere League. Shortly thereafter, celebrity Vindu Dara Singh along with son in law of ICC Chairman N.SrinivasanGurunathMeiyappan were also arrested for alleged links with bookies. The co-owner of Rajasthan Royals team and husband of celebrity actor Shipla ShettyMr. Raj Kundra was also questioned for illegal betting.
Not satisfied with the steps taken by the BCCI, the Supreme Court of India set up a 3 member committee in October 2013, headed by Justice (Retd.) Mukul Mudgal.
Following this, Justice Lodha panel [58] was formed in January 2015, based on the Mudgal Committee report calling for reforms in the BCCI. The panel suspended [59] the owners of Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals for a period of 2 years and banned for life Gurunath Meiyappan and Raj Kundra from any involvement in cricket matches.
Surgery:
In it’s landmark judgement[60] the Supreme Court ordered the removal of BCCI president Anurag Thakur and secretary Ajay Shirke along with other office bearers who did not meet the eligibility criteria as specified by the Lodha Panel.
Controversy:
While the judgement was welcomed by many who were fed up with allegations of nepotism, favouritism and corruption in cricket, there was obvious resentment amongst those affected by the surgery.



9]  SURGICAL STRIKE AGAINST UNRULY AIR  PASSENGERS
 Date      : 5th May 2017
Surgeon :
Ministry of Civil Aviation
Reason:
Shiv Sena member of Parliament Ravindra Gaikwad [61] had allegedly hit the staff of an Air India flight and even threatened to kill him. This led to all Indian Airline Companies imposing a No-Fly ban on him. However, the airlines were doing so without any official provision in policy. There was considerable outrage from the public as well as the media.
Surgery:
The Ministry of Civil Aviation framed rules for a ‘no-fly’ list  [62]allowing airlines to prevent passengers with previous history of unruliness from boarding flights.
Controversy:
Many contended that Mr. Gaikwad was left off the hook rather lightly[63](His no-fly ban was lifted within weeks) since his party the Shiv Sena is an Alliance partner with the ruling Bhartiya Janata Party in India and wondered if the common man would have been handled with kid gloves.



10]  SURGICAL STRIKE AGAINST DRUNKEN DRIVING
 Date      :December 2016 and enforcement w.e.f 1st April 2017
Surgeon :
Supreme Court of India
Reason:
Harman Sidhu [64] had met with an accident in 1996, which had left him wheelchair bound on account of spinal injuries.In 2011, he filed an application in the Punjab and Haryana High Court against liquor vends on highways.
Surgery:
In December 2016, the Supreme Court ordered that liquor vends should not remain operational on both National Highways as well as State Highways.
Controversy:
It is alleged that in order to get around the ban, various State Governments facilitated convenient escape routes to the liquor vends. Several states like Rajasthan[65] Maharashtra and West Bengal reclassified State Highways as Urban roads. In other cities such as Gurugram, simply the approach to the liquor vends were shifted so as to allow the vendors to operate as before.
The Federation of Hotel and Restaurant Associations of India expressed that the ban would impact almost 1 million jobs and cost the ex-chequer a loss of upto Rs. 2 Lakh Crores[66] Premium Hotels also expressed concern over loss of revenue.


11]  SURGICAL STRIKE AGAINST VVIP RACISM – BANNING THE LAL BATTI(RED BEACON)
Date       : May 1st 2017
Surgeon :
Ministry of Transport
Reason:
All over India, politicians and bureaucrats were often seen to be misusing the red beacon on their cars. Various media channels had also run campaigns to end #VvipRacism. The Chief Ministers of Delhi, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh had already given the decision to discard the red beacon.
Surgery:
A decision was taken in a meeting of road transport officials and the Prime Minister's office and a ban on use of red beacons on Vvip vehicles was subsequently announced.[67] The ban covers vehicles of all ministers, politicians and bureaucrats, including the Chief Justice of India. Only ambulances, police, fire and army would be allowed to use blue beacon.
Controversy:
A number of senior politicians chose to wait for the amended motor vehicles act instead of acting immediately on the announcement.
Goods and Services Tax has been excluded from the list because it was long expected.

       CONCLUSION :
The jury is open as to how effective or successful each of the above “surgeries” was or is going to be in the long term.
Surgery, they say is the last option. The trend shows that the pillars of our Constitution are performing surgery after surgery and the people seem to either love it or accept it as a necessary step. Some are even convinced that surgery is the only option to upset the status quo,in order to address the myriad problems of the world's largest democracy.

Also notable is the fact that there are instances when despite the surgery, the malaise still manages to  resurface again.
It’s not easy to do surgical strikes. Some of the “Surgeons” have literally painted a target on their backs. They are trolled and sometimes even threatened. But what is probably worse is when they have had to bear the burden of destroying someone’s lives or livelihood. Akin to a real life surgeon, you can be worshipped as God if the results are beneficial or rebuked like the Devil if things go wrong. 













10 comments:

  1. All the surgeries you have mentioned @rottenmangoman are better than disease of corruption by Khangress of last 60 years. But I like this blog and image is really creative

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  2. A couple of more surgeries and I may even shift back to India

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  3. All surgical strike by Feku and Khujliwal are useless. Nothing has changed on ground

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  4. @iqbal, looks like you have been hurt by surgical strike just like parasite feels when removed by surgeon. India is lucky to have great surgeon like our Prime Minister Modi and Supreme Court Judges

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  5. Wow, those surgeons in the picture look like PM Narendra Modi, Arvind Kejriwal, Arun Jaitley, Rajnath Singh, Manohar Parrikar, Justice Lodha and Trupti Desai if I am not mistaken. Nice touch!!

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  6. When they will do Surgical Strike on Pappu, Feku and Khujliwal? They are dividing the country. India needs mature ,level headed Kattar Hindu PM

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  7. They should make Yogi Adityanath is next Prime Minister and do surgical strike on Muslims

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  8. What do you have to say about the RESULTS of the surgical strikes? Has the patient been cured or condition is worse ?

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  9. Insha allah there will be Surgical Strikes to divide India into many many pieces

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  10. As the controversy over Aadhaar rages on, noted IT veteran and tech investor Mohandas Pai said Monday that the biometric ID is the biggest tool for empowering the poor. He also pitched for privacy laws to prevent the misuse of Aadhaar. “One must understand, Aadhaar is the biggest tool of empowerment for poor and others,” Pai told PTI in an email interview here. There is no evidence of any breach of iris or fingerprint data which is encrypted in Aadhaar, he said on the Tribune controversy about misuse of access by certain vendors.

    On the issue of flouting of privacy by some states and private entities, he said: “This has nothing to do with UIDAI, but the misuse of Aadhaar data.” The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) issues Aadhaar.

    ReplyDelete